It’s nearing the end of the year, which means everyone in Tinsel Town is a-buzz over who will be nominated for the 90th Annual Academy Awards! Considered one of the greatest honours in the movie biz, the awards are voted on by almost 7,000 members of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and given out with a golden “Oscar” statuette, one of the most iconic in the world. In anticipation of Oscar turning 90 next March, here are 46 star-studded facts all about the Academy Awards!

The Academy Awards Facts

46. The Beginning

The first-ever Academy Awards were held in 1929 at a private dinner at the Roosevelt Hotel with only 270 people in attendance. The first ceremony took only 15 minutes! The awards were first broadcast live via radio in 1930, and via television in 1953.

45. The Awards

There are currently 24 artistic and technical awards categories, though this hasn’t always been the case. Over the years, the Academy has given awards for categories such as Best Assistant Directing, Best Dance Direction, Best Unique and Artistic Picture, and Best Title Writing, though these categories have been discontinued. Categories for Best Casting, Best Stunt Coordination, and Best Title Design have been proposed in recent years, but have been rejected.

44. First Talkie

The musical The Broadway Melody (1929) was the first movie with sound to win Best Picture. The film stars Charles King, Anita Page, and Bessie Love, and was one of the first musicals to feature a Technicolor sequence. Sadly, that Technicolor sequence has been lost, and only a black-and-white copy survives today.

43. Who is Oscar?

The “Oscar” statuette was created by sculptor George Stanley, said to be modelled on Mexican actor Emilio “El Indio” Fernández. The origins of the “Oscar” nickname are disputed: Bette Davis, who served as president of the Academy, claims to have named the statuette after her husband, band leader Harmon Oscar Nelson. Academy Executive Secretary Margaret Herrick claims to have coined the nickname in 1931 when she remarked the statue reminded her of her “Uncle Oscar.” Walt Disney was quoted as having thanked the Academy for his “Oscar” in 1932—the first reported use—and the Academy officially adopted the nickname in 1939.

42. Inside Oscar

The Oscar statuettes were originally made of gold-plated solid bronze, however the Academy switched to using britannia metal, which is a pewter-like alloy subsequently plated in copper, nickel silver, and finally 24-karat gold. During World War II, due to metal shortages, the Oscar statues were made of painted plaster!

41. Verbal Gaffe

At the 2014 Awards, a sheepish-looking John Travolta announced the upcoming musical act, saying “Please welcome the wickedly talented, one and only Adele Dazeem” before Frozen star Idina Menzel took the stage to perform her hit “Let It Go.” Travolta took a lot of flak on Twitter for mispronouncing the singer’s name, but Menzel did get her revenge: the following year she co-presented an award with her “dear friend Glom Gazingo,” Travolta himself.

40. Underdog

The first film to sweep the five major categories—that is, Best Picture, Director, Actor, Actress, and Screenplay—was It Happened One Night (1934). Columbia Pictures didn’t consider the film a front-runner, and neither of its stars, Claudette Colbert or Clark Gable, were terribly excited about it. Only two other films, One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest (1975) and The Silence of the Lambs (1991), have received the “Big Five.”

39. Taking A Dive

Jennifer Lawrence is famous for toppling over on red carpets, but her first famous fall took place at a very inopportune time: as she climbed the stairs to accept an award for Best Actress at the 2013 Academy Awards. Lawrence must have stepped on the hem of her voluminous Dior ball gown. She showed grace and humour in her acceptance speech, joking “You’re all only standing because I fell and you feel bad,” at the standing ovation she received from the audience. We can only assume falling on the stairs was a minor annoyance compared to the incredible honor of winning the award!

38. Not-So-Brotherly Love

Angelina Jolie caused a stir in 2000 when she brought her older brother, James Haven, as her Oscar date. After kissing him on the mouth on the red carpet, which raised eyebrows and set fingers wagging, she declared in her Best Supporting Actress Award acceptance speech for Girl, Interrupted, “I’m so in love with my brother right now. He just held me and said he loved me.” She later called the media uproar around the sibling scandal “pathetic.”

37. Diversity

Hattie McDaniel made history when she won Best Supporting Actress for Gone With The Wind in 1939, making her the first African American to win an Academy Award. 2008’s Slumdog Millionaire was the first entirely non-white cast to win Best Picture, and 2016’s Moonlight was the first film with an all-black cast to win Best Picture.

36. #OscarsSoWhite

The nominations for films made in 2015 included only white actors and actresses in the top four acting categories, sparking a public outcry and the Twitter hashtag #OscarsSoWhite. Hollywood insiders like Spike Lee and Will Smith threatened to boycott the awards. The Academy released a statement pledging to include more members of colour in the Academy’s voting body.

35. Clueless

Chris Rock, host of the 2016 Academy Awards, embraced the #OscarsSoWhite movement and made many references to it in his speech, but not all his jokes landed. He brought out Clueless actress and former Fox News commentator Stacey Dash, calling her the “new director of our minority outreach program”—presumably a joke, as Dash has called for the dissolution of BET and Black History Month.

34. Ageless Talent

The youngest-ever nominee for an acting award was eight-year-old Justin Henry, for 1979’s Kramer vs. Kramer; the youngest-ever winner was Tatum O’Neal, who at 10 years old won Best Supporting Actress for Paper Moon in 1973. The oldest person to win an acting award was Christopher Plummer, who won Best Supporting Actor for Beginners at the ripe age of 82.

33. Secrecy

The accounting firm PriceWaterhouseCoopers has tallied the Oscar ballots since 1934. The first Academy Award winners in 1929 were announced three months before the ceremony, but in 1930 the Academy began sending the names of winners to newspapers to be printed at 11 PM the night of the awards, until an incident when the Los Angeles Times announced the winners early. Since 1941, the academy has used a system of sealed envelopes opened on stage at the awards.

32. The Mixup

Since the adoption of the sealed envelope system, only two accounting executives at PriceWaterhouseCoopers have known who the award winners are. Two identical sets of sealed envelopes are brought to the awards ceremony by the executives, who then hand the envelopes over to be opened live on stage by presenters. This duplicate system exists in case something bad befalls one executive or one set of envelopes.

This system caused a catastrophe in 2016 when the duplicate envelope of the Best Actress award was handed to a presenter instead of Best Picture—the presenter, actor Warren Beatty, then mistakenly announced the Best Picture winner as La La Land when in fact Moonlight was the true winner. Producers of La La Land had already accepted the award and begun their speeches by the time the error was corrected: a huge disappointment for La La Land, and an embarrassment for PriceWaterhouseCoopers.

31. Life Is Playful

Roberto Benigni stole the show in 1999 when he jumped up and made his way to the stage partly by walking on the backs of the auditorium seats to accept the Best Foreign Language Film award for Life Is Beautiful. Benigni’s earnestness and glee in accepting the award was fitting for a film about making tiny moments magical even in the direst of circumstances; the film depicts a father using humor and strength of will to protect his son during the Holocaust. Benigni’s speech itself was as memorable as it was incomprehensible, as he declared “This is the moment of joy, and I want to kiss everybody because you are the major of the joy, and he who kisses the joy as it flies lives in eternity’s sunrise, say the poet.”

30. A Crowded Mantlepiece

Katharine Hepburn holds the record for most Academy Awards for a performance—she’s won four. Walt Disney was the most honoured person in Oscar history, receiving 59 nominations and winning 26 competitive awards throughout his career. Meryl Streep, who has taken home three of the coveted statuettes, has been nominated a record (for a performer) 20 times.

29. No Thanks

At only the 5th Oscars ceremony ever, screenwriter Dudley Nichols caused an early controversy by declining the award he won for The Informer. At the time, film studios were actively trying to prevent unionization, and to raise awareness, both the Screen Actors Guild and the Writers Guild called for members to boycott the ceremony. Nichols stuck to the boycott and skipped the ceremony. His principled stand made an impression: he was elected head of the guild a few years later.

28. Standing Up

Marlon Brando made a bold move in 1973 by sending Native American activist Sacheen Littlefeather in his place to decline his Academy Award for Best Actor in The Godfather. “He very regretfully cannot accept this very generous award,” said Littlefeather. “And the reasons for this being are the treatment of American Indians today by the film industry.”

The stand had mixed results: the audience booed and cheered, and the actor John Wayne was reportedly waiting in the wings to drag Littlefeather off stage (Wayne appeared in many Westerns in which Native Americans—and Native American actors—were treated poorly and without dignity).

27. Rated X

Many films are edited with an eye on ratings—the more restricted a rating, the fewer people may see it, and the less chance it may have to garner a coveted Oscar nomination. Midnight Cowboy (1969), which tells the story of a Texan diswasher-turned-hustler, was the first and only X-rated film ever to win Best Picture.

26. Who Owns Oscar?

The statuettes are the legal property of the winners, however since 1950 there is a stipulation that before the winners or their heirs may sell the statues, they must be offered back to the Academy at a price of $1.

In 2011, the statue won by Orson Welles in 1941 for Citizen Kane (Best Original Screenplay) was put up for sale by his heirs—the Academy contested the sale, but the heirs won after contending that Welles had never signed anything promising to return the statue to the Academy. The statue sold at auction for $861,542!

25. Giving It Up

The only living recipient to have sold an Oscar is Harold Russell, who sold his award in 1992 to raise money for his wife’s medical expenses. Because he had received his award prior to 1950, he had made no agreement to return it. He defended the sale of his award, saying “I don’t know why anybody would be critical. My wife’s health is much more important than sentimental reasons. The movie will be here, even if Oscar isn’t.” Russell sold his 1946 Oscar for Best Supporting Actor in The Best Years Of Our Lives to a private collector for $60,500.

24. Ladies And Gentlemen, Your Host…

There’s no gig quite like hosting the Academy Awards! While some may make it look easy, there have been a fair share of flops over the years. Seth MacFarlane and the duo of James Franco and Anne Hathaway prove that it takes more than just showing up to win over an audience of Hollywood’s best and brightest. The greatest hosts can expect to be invited back: Bob Hope hosted the Academy Awards a record 18 times! Whoopi Goldberg  has hosted four times, and Billy Crystal hosted nine times. Sammy Davis Jr. was the first black host, sharing the stage with Helen Hayes, Alan King, and Jack Lemmon in 1972, and the first female host was Agnes Moorehead, who shared hosting duties with singer Dick Powell in 1948.

23. Oprah, Uma

Funnyman David Letterman was invited to host the Oscars in 1995, but he didn’t charm everyone. The gap-toothed comedian was perhaps more used to late-night audiences, and many of his jokes fell flat, including an extended and recurring bit where he introduced Oprah Winfrey to Uma Thurman: he repeated “Oprah, Uma. Uma, Oprah” ad nauseam. Winfrey reportedly wasn’t too pleased at having her name lampooned: she wouldn’t appear as a guest on his talk show for the next 16 years!

22. The Razzies

The day before the Academy Awards, another storied awards ceremony takes place: the Golden Raspberry awards, which honor the worst performances in a given year. There are a select few Hollywood stars who have the honour of having won both an Academy Award and a Razzie (Laurence Olivier, Liza Minnelli, and Kevin Costner, to name a few).

Sandra Bullock, however, won a Razzie and an Oscar in the same weekend! The actress picked up her Razzie in 2010 for her performance in the comedy flop All About Steve the night before winning the Oscar for Best Actress in The Blind Side. She left a charity event to pick up her award in person, and took the stage carrying a wagon full of DVDs of her winning film, one for every person in the audience. Now that’s tact!

21. The Goose That Laid The Avant-Garde Egg

Icelandic singer Bjork is known for her crazy and beautiful outfits, and she didn’t hesitate to bring her A-game to the red carpet when she was nominated for the song “I’ve Seen It All” from 2000’s Dancer In The Dark, which she also starred in. The pixie-like singer appeared on the red carpet in her now-notorious “Swan Dress,” and she completed the ensemble by mimicking laying an egg on the carpet.

20. Convicted & Cowardly

Roman Polanski didn’t attend the ceremony in person to accept his Best Director Award for The Pianist in 2003: Polanski is a convicted rapist who fled his sentencing and has lived abroad ever since. Polanski was convicted for the rape of a 13-year-old girl in 1977, and declined to attend the ceremony for fear of being arrested. He nevertheless garnered a standing ovation by some, though others such as Jack Nicholson (in whose home Polanski committed the rape) stayed seated.

19. Not A Lesser Actress

Marlee Matlin, who won the Best Supporting Actress award in 1986 for Children of a Lesser God, is the only deaf performer to ever win an Academy Award. The film, an adaptation of a broadway play, told the story of two employees of a school for the deaf wrestling with differing ideas about speech and deafness in their budding romantic relationship.

18. The Longest Time

The longest-running Best Picture nominee was Gone with the Wind (1963) at 224 minutes. The longest fictional movie to ever win an Academy Award was Russia’s War and Peace (1968) at 431 minutes, which won Best Foreign Language Film.

17. Posthumous Award

Heath Ledger passed away on January 22,  2008, and on the anniversary of his death in 2009 it was announced that he was nominated for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the Joker in The Dark Knight. Ledger won, and his family collected his Best Supporting Actor Oscar.

16. Husband & (Ex-) Wife

Kathryn Bigelow’s historic win of Best Picture and Best Director for The Hurt Locker in 2009 must have been extra sweet: the film was not only the first film by a female director to win either category, she also beat out her ex-husband James Cameron, who was nominated for Avatar.

15. Best Dressed?

Seeing the gorgeous gowns on the red carpet is possibly as exciting as finding out who wins, but most dresses will only be worn once. Trey Parker and Matt Stone, who attended the Oscars for their movie South Park: Bigger Longer & Uncut, chose to pay tribute to two signature looks from red carpets gone by. Parker wore an approximation of the green Versace dress worn by Jennifer Lopez at the 2000 Grammy red carpet. Matt Stone showed up in a pastel pink gown resembling Gwyneth Paltrow’s 1999 Oscar ensemble. They left empty-handed, and didn’t even make the “best dressed” list.

14. Surprise Kiss

Award presenters are often thanked and hugged by happy winners as they accept their awards, but sometimes the winners go too far. When Adrien Brody won Best Actor in 2003 for his performance in The Pianist, he accepted his statuette from presenter Halle Berry and showed his appreciation by grabbing her and planting a kiss on her mouth.

13. Record Time

Charlie Chaplin, who had been persecuted by the McCarthy Administration’s “witch hunts” over Communism in the 1950s, had fled America to Switzerland and was not permitted to return. The silent screen actor was finally allowed to come back, however, to accept an Honorary Award at the Academy Awards in 1972. Before receiving the award, Chaplin received a 12-minute standing ovation!

12. Controversy

Michael Moore took the stage in 2003 to accept an Oscar for his documentary Bowling for Columbine, and brought with him all his fellow documentary nominees “in solidarity”—but not because they were all deserving. Rather, they were in solidarity with Moore’s anti-war, anti-Bush statement that shocked the Academy, earned him boos, and got him played off stage as fast as the orchestra conductor could pick his jaw up off the ground.

11. The Year Without An Oscar

Since the beginning of the Academy Awards, the only year without an Oscar ceremony was 1933. The Academy switched its eligibility calendar around and began honoring films released in the calendar year of January 1 through December 31. As a result, the 1934 ceremony honoured films made in the previous seventeen months.

10. Write-In

When the Oscars returned in 1934, there were some changes made to the awards themselves: awards for Best Original Song, Best Original Score, and Best Film Editing were added, as well as a space for write-in candidates. The write-in space lasted only two years, and in 1936 cinematographer Hal Mohr became the first and only person ever to win an Oscar they weren’t officially nominated for, for his work on A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

9. Is That All There Is?

Funnyman Jerry Lewis was on his third time hosting the Oscars in 1959 when he had to resort to a little improvisation. The show ended early, leaving Lewis with 20 minutes of airtime to fill by bringing stars on stage and making them dance.

8. You Like Her!

Sally Field’s speech in acceptance of the Best Actress award for Places In the Heart in 1985 took a place in Oscars infamy with just three little words: “You like me!” Field beat out Jessica Lange, Sissy Spacek, and Vanessa Redgrave to deliver what would become an oft-quoted speech: “I haven’t had an orthodox career and I’ve wanted more than anything to have your respect,” she said. “I can’t deny the fact that you like me. Right now, you like me!” Less well-known is the fact that this was Field’s second win in this category: she’d won in 1980 for her role in Norma Rae. Apparently that she was liked wasn’t news at all!

7. Surprise Appearance

In 2008’s Hugh Jackman-hosted Oscars extravaganza, he and Beyoncé Knowles performed a musical homage to the cinematic musical number, appearing with the stars of Mamma Mia and High School Musical. Also making an appearance: Beyoncé’s left nipple, as Jackman dipped her on stage! It wasn’t the only bare nipple in attendance, as earlier on the red carpet, Sharon Stone appeared in a sheer dress with no bra.

6. Best Animated Host

In 1958, Donald Duck made Oscar history by becoming the first non-human host of the Academy Awards ever…. wait, what? That’s right, years before CGI technology was available, Donald Duck, projected on a screen on stage, was animated to appear to interact with the human hosts. Though the Oscars are usually a black-tie formal affair, Donald wore his signature sailor’s shirt and no pants.

5. Green Room Selfie

When Ellen Degeneres hosted the Oscars in 2014, she almost inadvertently broke the internet by tweeting a selfie taken with Hollywood stars Brad Pitt, Bradley Cooper, Jennifer Lawrence, Meryl Streep, and others. The bit was pre-rehearsed (but only Streep was supposed to be in the original planned photo), but at the last minute, Bradley Cooper grabbed the phone and took a group photo. The selfie was retweeted over 750,000 times in the first 45 minutes, and became the most retweeted tweet of all time!

4. No Tux For This Guy!

Tux and black tie is the norm, but in 1974, photographer Robert Opel took his fashion cues from Donald Duck—that is, no pants. And no shirt either! Opel ran nude across the stage just as David Niven was about to introduce Elizabeth Taylor. Streaking may be common at sports games, but it was an Oscar first (and, thankfully, last). Niven kept completely cool, and Opel was neither kicked out nor arrested, and in fact gave a press conference after the show, saying, “People shouldn’t be ashamed of being nude in public. Besides, it is a hell of a way to launch a career.”

3. Tie Game

Ties in Oscar voting are incredibly rare, but it does happen. In 1969, The Oscar for Best Actress was shared by Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand, who won for The Lion In Winter and Funny Girl, respectively. Presenter Ingrid Bergman was visibly shocked when she opened the envelope. The tie was made less awkward by the fact that Hepburn, a notorious recluse, didn’t attend the show, leaving Streisand to bask in the moment of her first Oscar win.

2. Not Interested

Turning down an Academy Award is a big statement, but not everyone takes the Oscars so seriously. Actor George C. Scott was vocal about his disdain for the glitzy ceremony: “The ceremonies are a two-hour meat parade, a public display with contrived suspense for economic reasons,” he told the Los Angeles Times. He wanted no part of it, and wouldn’t attend if nominated.

The Academy honoured him anyway in 1970 for Best Actor for his role in Patton…but he didn’t even bother to show up. Frank McCarthy, who produced Patton, “accepted” the award on Scott’s behalf, thanking the Academy for recognizing Scott as a fine actor but making no mention of why Scott was absent.

1. Best Speech Ever!

Jack Palance made an impression when he accepted his Oscar in 1992 for Best Supporting Actor in City Slickers. The 72-year-old Palance didn’t miss an opportunity to prove he still had it: after a few jokes and thank-yous, he dropped to the stage and did a set of one-armed push-ups!

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