The hair. The strut. The voice. It can only be one woman: Tina Turner, the Queen of Rock & Roll. Tina Turner’s music is just as memorable and inspiring as her gutsy personal story. With fortitude and determination, Turner survived the most challenging ordeals life can serve up, all the while strutting, singing, and battling her way through a decades-long career that lifted her into the status of legend. Here are some of the most enduring facts about this tough-as-nails rock queen.
1. She Had A Poor Family
Tina Turner was born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939, and grew up in Nutbush, Tennessee. Her parents were sharecroppers and she remembers picking cotton as a child. Bullock had two sisters but when WWII started, everything changed.
2. She Had An Unstable Childhood
Tina’s parents took jobs at a defense factory in Knoxville, Tennessee. However, they decided to leave three things behind, Tina and her two sisters! The parents separated the three kids and sent Tina to live with her strict religious grandparents. She wouldn’t see or play with her sisters for years.
It was only after the conflict in Europe was over that the children were once again allowed to live with their parents…but her most painful childhood trauma was yet to come.
3. Her Mother Abandoned Her
When she was just 11, Tina Turner was scarred for life by a horrific incident. It was that year that her mother abandoned the family and left with no warning. Apparently escaping an abusive relationship with Tina’s father, the mother fled to St. Louis and left her children behind with no goodbyes. The incident left her feeling unwanted and unloved, and it would have a jarring effect on Tina as she grew up.
4. Her Father Kicked Her Out
The turmoil of Tina’s young life continued well into her teens. Two years after her mother left the family, her father remarried—but the kids weren’t part of the deal. Tina’s father and new wife moved to Detroit and once again, the children were left behind. Tina and her sisters were sent away to live with their other grandmother in Brownsville, Tennessee. The sense of abandonment and worthlessness those kids must have felt!
5. Her First Kiss
While in Brownsville, Tina fell in love with a young teen named Harry Taylor. They were an item for a year. Tina says it was love at first sight. She was so excited about kissing him, that when the moment finally came, she forgot to kiss back, and kept her lips sealed. Harry, a little surprised, said, “You don’t know how to kiss?”
Tina was mortified, but eventually she got over it and the relationship progressed.
6. Her First Love Didn’t End Well
Tina and Harry lost their virginity together in the back of a Plymouth. Tina wanted to get married and have kids, and she thought Taylor was the one. Sadly, she was in for a terrible heartbreak. Things ended abruptly, and shockingly. Taylor, Tina’s first love, broke her heart when he married another girl…a girl who was pregnant with his child.
7. She Cleaned Houses
Abandoned first by her mother, and then by her father, Tina had grown independent and started making her own way. In her teen years, Tina worked as a housekeeper for a wealthy family while living with her grandmother. A life in music and the name Tina Turner were years away. She was still Anna Mae Bullock at the time, remember?
8. She Had Unspeakable Loss Early In Life
In her mid-teens, Tina’s half-sister Evelyn and two cousins were in a fatal car crash. No one survived. It was the beginning of an experience with loss that would lead to a fateful change in her long life.
9. A Surprise Encounter Changed Everything
Tina’s grandmother in Tennessee passed away when she was 16. At the funeral, she was shocked to see the woman who abandoned the family so many years earlier. Her mother asked Tina and her sister to move to St. Louis and live with her. With no family and no caregiver to speak of, Tina felt alone. Joining her mother was her only choice.
It was time to leave small-town Tennessee for the bright lights and music venues of the big city.
10. Music Knocked At Her Door
While attending high school in St. Louis, Tina Turner would frequent nightclubs and music venues with her sister. It was at one of these, called The Manhattan Club, that Tina would witness a musical act that would change her life—and her name. It was Ike Turner and his band, the Kings of Rhythm. She was only 18 and had already overcome so many difficult challenges. Her big break was just around the corner.
11. She Forced Her Way On Stage
Mesmerized by the music of Ike Turner and the Kings of Rhythm, Tina had decided she wanted to sing with his band, even though there were no women in the group. After Ike ignored her first requests, Tina decided to take life—and the microphone—into her own hands. On a fateful night in 1957, during the band’s intermission, Tina snuck onto the stage and took the mic from behind the drum kit…
12. Her First Performance Brought The House Down
During her stolen performance, Tina Turner sang a blues ballad by B.B. King. The performance blew Ike Turner away and he asked her to sing some more. She took over the show and sang with the band all night and afterward, Ike invited her to become a singer in the band. Ike’s Kings had a queen.
13. Ike and Tina Began As Friends
Ike and Tina were’t romantically involved right off the hop. It took quite some time. In fact, the early days Tina began dating the Kings of Rhythm saxophone player, Raymond Hill, while her sister dated the drummer.
14. She Was A Single Teen Mom
She was still a teenager in her final year of high school when she became pregnant with Raymond Hill’s baby. Tina told her mother—and her reaction was utterly cruel. Her mother was so upset at the news she kicked her daughter out. It was the second time she and mother severed ties. Tina moved in with Hill, who lived with Ike Turner.
15. She Was Abandoned Yet Again
She had the baby and named him Craig. Craig Turner would have to grow up without a father, though, as the sax player moved back to his hometown, never to return. Tina’s mother had already kicked her out, so she was abandoned yet again. Now she was a single mother with no family support network. Music, and the band, was her only lifeline.
16. She Recorded Her First Song In Her Teens
At just 19 years old, and after some vocal tutoring from Ike Turner, Tina recorded her first song called “Boxtop.” She shared the credits with another male vocalist from the band. At that point, she went by the name “Little Ann.”
17. A Window Opened
Ike Turner had written a song for Art Lassiter and had booked a studio for recording it. Tina was there as a backup singer. However, the singer was a no-show. Tina convinced Ike to let her do the lead vocal. Ike agreed, with the intention of erasing the track and inserting Lassiter later—but there was a surprise in store.
The performance was so strong, Ike sent the tape to a St. Louis R&B record label Sue Records. The response changed everything.
18. Tina Turner Is Born
Sue Records President Juggy Murray was so impressed with Tina’s vocals, he bought the rights for the song from Ike for a whopping $25,000. Murray also told Ike to make Tina the star of the show. With a big bag of cash as incentive, Ike agreed and named his female vocalist “Tina Turner.” Tina’s first single, “A Fool In Love”—the song originally intended for another artist—was a smash hit.
19. She Didn’t Own Her Name
Ike Turner controlled Tina from the very start. In fact, he even trademarked the name “Tina Turner,” so that if she ever left the band, he could get another female vocalist and use the same name—a disturbing red flag that she sadly ignored. It was the prelude to a tumultuous relationship where she would have to fight for her name, her music, and even her very life.
20. Ike and Tina Fell In Love
So how did Ike and Tina become Ike and Tina? It was at a party in 1960 when Tina and Ike first became intimate, about the same time as “A Fool In Love” was released. Another musician at the party was hitting on Tina, so she tried to escape. She took refuge in Ike’s bedroom. It was then they became “more than friends.”
21. Ike Was Otherwise Involved
There was just one problem with her new romantic situation. Ike was still with his common-law wife at the time! This should have been a warning sign for Tina for bad things to come, as this would not be the last time he would be unfaithful. In fact, Ike never stopped philandering and would constantly and publicly date other women.
22. She Cut Through Race Barriers
The band had a new name, the Ike and Tina Turner Revue. They toured intensely across the US, with Tina taking the country by storm with her energy and spectacular shows, along with a group of backup singers/dancers called the Ikettes. Ike was in the background leading the band. The show was so popular they headlined for non-segregated audiences in the Southern states, breaking through the barriers between white and black and Motown and rock.
23. She Wore Wigs
Tina Turner has worn wigs since her career began. It has become a signature trademark of her brand. Why wigs? Well, the style stems from insecurity, not vanity. Turner always thought she was ugly, and that her unique voice sounded strange. She compensated with over-the-top wigs, heavy makeup, and wild dresses that she would change several times per show. It is also one of the reasons why she danced, as it set her apart from other female stars at the time, who only sang.
24. There Were Elements Of Normalcy
Tina and Ike had a son, Ronnie, in 1960. He was Tina’s second child before she was 22 years old. By 1962, they had moved into a home in Los Angeles. Ronnie, Craig, and Ike’s two sons from his previous relationship were together in the same house. The idea of having a family while touring concerned Tina, but her worries would fall on deaf ears, as Ike was determined to make it in show business, and used violence to get his way.
25. It Was A Wedding Night To Forget
The warning sign that this may not be a fairy-tale wedding? Ike wanted to get married in the salacious city of Tijuana, Mexico. After a lackluster civil ceremony, Ike dragged her to a bordello where they watched a live show. It was an awful night. Tina was so embarrassed by the experience that she didn’t fully share the story until decades afterward.
26. A Fight From Day One
Despite success with numerous top 10 hits, the upbeat singer was hiding a sinister and dark personal life. When they were first married, Tina Turner told Ike she didn’t want to change her name and said she worried about touring so much. In response, Ike struck her with a wooden shoe-stretcher. That was the first of many violent incidents.
Often, Tina performed shortly after getting beaten up by Ike, with bloody lips and black eyes. It was a horrible way to live.
27. She Felt Horrible
Ike’s constant use of illicit substances and emotional and physical brutalization took its toll on Tina. Later, he was diagnosed with bipolar disorder. At the time, it didn’t help that Ike never hid his constant infidelity and strutted around publicly in the company of other women. It was all too much, and it sent Tina hurtling off the edge. She tried to overdose on Valium in 1968.
Tina survived, of course, but the incident gave her clarity about her situation and her need to escape, just like her mother had.
28. Fame And Fortune And A Grammy
The Ike and Tina Turner Revue had their biggest hit in 1971 with a cover of Creedence Clearwater Revival’s “Proud Mary”. The song went to No.4 on the charts, earned a Grammy Award, and shot Tina Turner into stardom with sold-out shows and appearances on television. The success was about to end, however. Abruptly.
29. Her Mother Took His Side
When Tina finally divorced Ike, the bitter relationship between Tina and her mother was only exacerbated. Her mother took Ike’s side when she left him. Tina recalls her mother disagreeing with the move because Ike was the one who gave her success. “She never wanted to give me credit for anything,” she says.
30. She Was Shot At
When Tina left Ike, she had nothing, not even her name. She lived with the four boys and a personal assistant and used food stamps to survive—and that’s not the worst part. At night, local thugs would shoot at her car or her home. It was so terrifying that she would sleep in a closet and the assistant would sleep in the children’s room.
However, this terrifying period only strengthened her resolve.
31. She Won Her Name Back
Tina Turner’s divorce from Ike Turner went through in 1978. She had severed the ties to her stormy past, and to her abusive relationship. Her only demands in the breakup? Two Jaguar cars. Some furs and jewelry. And most importantly? Her name, Tina Turner. It was this name that would eventually become her greatest asset.
But that would be a long time in the future. For now, she was at the bottom of a great big hill and determined to climb it and make what would be one of the greatest comebacks in rock history.
32. She Didn’t Go To Ike’s Funeral
Ike Turner never got his life back on track in the years after Tina left him. His addictions and wild behavior landed him multiple times behind bars and in and out of rehab. In 2007 he fatally overdosed while suffering from a terminal form of emphysema. Tina Turner didn’t go to his funeral. A publicist wrote: “Tina hasn’t had any contact with Ike in more than 30 years. No further comment will be made.”
33. Chanting Helped Her
Tina Turner grew up with the faith of the Baptist Church all around her, both at home and in her communities. So how and when did she become Buddhist? It was in Los Angeles in 1973, during some of Tina’s darkest days. A friend of Ike’s introduced her to the Buddhist practice of chanting. She found clarity and the wisdom to know her path.
Tina chanted up to four hours a day when things were bad in the 1970s. She even met the 14th Dalai Lama in 2004.
34. She Spent A Decade In Obscurity
Tina languished in musical obscurity after her divorce. She still toured but audiences saw her as a throw-back act. She played cabarets, hotels, and small clubs, all the while fighting lawsuits from her canceled dates and contracts when the Ike and Tina Turner Revue exploded. It seemed no one in the music biz wanted to hire or help a black woman in her 40s.
35. Her Biggest Performance Regret
While struggling, Tina Turner made a decision that would haunt her for years afterward. She toured South Africa in 1979 in the height of the apartheid regime that separated the country by race. As a black performer, Tina was heavily criticized for visiting a country that was sanctioned by much of the world. She pleaded ignorance, saying she was “naïve” about the politics in South Africa.
36. She Was A Female Video Pioneer
A new craze would help dig Tina out of the shadows of the entertainment world. Music videos started to become popular in the early 1980s. With a new manager, Tina released a single, “Ball of Confusion,” that had some success, and a music video ensued. She was one of the first black female artists to appear on MTV.
37. Her Comeback Didn’t Begin In America
In 1983, Tina had a single that had some big airplay, but not in the US. Tina was growing in popularity in Europe, notably the UK, and record companies were watching. The UK was at the forefront of 80s music, and Tina was about to ride the wave. And in Europe, she was an independent artist—no one knew or cared who Ike was.
38. Fourteen Days To Superstardom
It was the beginning of what would be a year to remember for Tina Turner, who was now finally riding her own name to the top at 45 years old. Capitol Records asked her to record an album, and to do it in a UK studio in 14 days! British musical contributors such as Mark Knopfler of Dire Straits wrote and arranged the tunes. It was about to catapult Tina Turner into a realm of stardom of which she had never known before.
39. All Hail To The Queen!
The album Private Dancer made Tina Turner one of the biggest stars in the history of rock. It is one of the most inspiring stories in modern music. The album’s title track, “What’s Love Got To Do With It” and at least five more singles rocked the charts worldwide. The album sold millions. She had battled her past and she had triumphed.
40. The Original “Wardrobe Malfunction”
Long before Justin Timberlake and Janet Jackson’s Super Bowl infamy, Tina made scandalous headlines of her own. In 1985, she performed for the global mega-concert Live Aid. She was singing with Mick Jagger of the Rolling Stones when Jagger ripped off his own shirt and then danced up to Tina and yanked her skirt off! She performed the rest of the song in a black leotard.
41. She Suffers From Poor Body Image
Tina Turner never felt she was a rock goddess, even though the public saw her that way. In interviews, she says she is built like “a pony”, and that her legs and arms were more weird than attractive. She says she would never turn a single head in her hometown of Nutbush. The rest of the world tends to disagree.
42. A Fateful Airport Run
In 1986, Tina arrived at Heathrow Airport in London. A German music exec by the name of Erwin Bach was there to greet her. The two hit it off, and it was finally time for Tina to enter another meaningful romantic relationship. Bach and Tina have been together for more than three decades, and they married in 2013.
43. She’s Not An American
Tina renounced her US citizenship in 2013. She has always been popular in Europe, even more so than in America in her later years. Her current husband is European and she has lived in Zurich since 1994. In 2013, she applied for and obtained Swiss citizenship, and gave up her US citizenship.
44. She Beat Cancer…Barely
Tina Turner wrote a memoir in 2018. Called My Love Story, Tina wrote about her battle with intestinal cancer in 2016. She opted for homeopathic treatment instead of modern medicine, but it led to kidney failure. In the end, surgeons removed part of her intestine, but the kidney problems remained.
45. She Had Another Dark Period
Tina’s journey during this time was an incredibly dark one. She needed a kidney transplant and thought the situation hopeless. Her thoughts turned toward suicide, as they did in the 1960s. She put her name on the list of an assisted suicide organization in Switzerland and waited for the end.
46. She Has Someone Else’s Kidney
The heart isn’t the only part of the body linked to love in Tina’s life. Husband Erwin Bach offered her one of his kidneys. The successful surgery took place in 2017. Tina now quite literally carries a piece of her husband around with her.
47. Why She Probably Won’t Perform Again
When you are more interested in decorating your house than you are in performing, it’s probably time to hang ‘em up. That’s what Tina realized during a tour in 2009. Her heart just wasn’t in it. After a lifetime of battles and victories, is it any surprise? In media interviews, she repeatedly claims that she has no desire to perform or tour ever again.
48. Don’t Bug Her In the Mornings
Today, at 81, satisfied with her work, her triumphs, and her name, Tina Turner now spends her time relaxing in her mansion overlooking Lake Zurich in Switzerland. On the gate outside her home, there is a sign in German that reads “Do not ring the bell before noon.” You’re simply the best, Tina Turner. Relax. You deserve it.
49. She Finally Escaped
The horrific marriage between Ike and Tina Turner is infamous—but few know the harrowing story of her escape. In the middle of a tour in 1976, Tina and Ike were fighting at a hotel in Dallas, where they had a show that night. Ike was beating Tina and she picked that moment to escape. With bloody clothes, a little over 30 cents in her pocket, and a gas station credit card, she fled to a friend’s home. Shortly after, she filed for divorce.
50. She Forgave Her Abuser
How can anyone forgive the one person who brought them so much pain? Doing interviews as part of her memoir promotional tour, Tina told The New York Times that she had forgiven Ike Turner. However, it wasn’t a case of forgive and forget. She said, “He asked for one more tour with me, and I said, ‘No, absolutely not.’ Ike wasn’t someone you could forgive and allow him back in.”
51. The Hall Of Fame Ignored Her Solo Career
Even after success, Tina’s career has had setbacks. Take 1991, when the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame snubbed her…kind of. They inducted Tina in 1991—with one brutal twist. The Hall didn’t recognize her as a solo artist. Instead, the Hall inducted the Ike and Tina Turner Revue. Luckily, Ike missed the ceremony. He was behind bars after one of his many intoxicated adventures.
As for Tina, she also passed on attending. Unsurprisingly, the idea of sharing the spotlight with her abuser wasn’t her idea of a good time.
52. She’s Lucky To Be Alive
With Bach, Tina finally got her happily ever after—but a terrifying incident nearly took it all away. Three weeks after her marriage to Bach, she suffered a serious stroke that left her without the ability to walk. But is it any surprise that after all the ordeals Tina conquered, that she learned to walk again? She had legs of steel from all that strutting and dancing, so it didn’t take long.
53. She Lost One Of Her Adult Children
Just after she had beat cancer and recovered from a kidney transplant, Tina’s life was rocked by another devastating tragedy. In July 2018, her son Craig took his own life. Craig Turner was Tina’s first son by the saxophone player in Ike Turner’s band in St. Louis. He was 59. Tina scattered her son’s ashes to the ocean off the coast of California, where her son lived and worked in real estate.