December 20, 2023 | Miles Brucker

Little-Known Facts About The Villains of Tolkien's Middle Earth

“Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky,
Seven for the Dwarf-lords in halls of stone,
Nine for Mortal Men, doomed to pass,
One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.
One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them,
One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them.
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie".
― J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings

J.R.R. Tolkien created a lot more than a few fantasy novels—he created his own entire universe filled with its own unique history, characters, and settings. Some of the most memorable characters in both The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings are the villains who inhabit Middle Earth, and there is a lot more than meets the eye about who these villains are, how they operate, and how they came to be. Here are 24 little-known facts about the villains of Middle Earth.

Villains of Tolkien's Middle Earth Facts

1. Game Changers

Some Tolkien fans prefer The Hobbit to Lord of the Rings specifically because of its featured villains. Unlike in Lord of the Rings, where many of the villains are merely subservient subjects of Sauron, The Hobbit's villainous roster features a variety of motivations—and a dragon.

middle earth

2. Etymology

Although some would be happy just assuming that the term "Orc" is not a real English word, there is actually a complicated and interesting back story as to whether or not Tolkien made this word up or derived it from an Old English word meaning "Demon".

Sauron factsThe Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), New Line Cinema

3. Linguistic Legacy

Wherever the term "Orc" came from, Roberta Frank has noted that the same term, albeit with a mild spelling change, was later used as the name of a fictional alien planet in the Robin Williams' sitcom Mork & Mindy. I guess there's just something about that word that inspires authors interested in fictional creatures!

Mindy Kaling FactsGetty Images

 4. Classical Education

The inspiration for Smaug's reaction to the stolen golden cup was the classic English epic Beowulf, of which Tolkien was a huge fan and student.

Middle Earth FactsFlickr, Pete D


5. Respecting Elders

Treebeard, the tree-like figure found in The Lord of the Rings, is considered to be the oldest living thing in Tolkien's Middle Earth.

Middle Earth FactsShutterstock

6. Punishment of Biblical Proportions 

In an obvious allusion to the story of Noah in the Bible, Sauron is punished at one point for his evil by Eru, the omnipotent deity figure in Tolkien's universe, in the form of a giant flood.

Middle Earth FactsShutterstock

7. Accidental Supervillain

Sauron almost never got the chance to become Middle Earth's greatest villain, because Tolkien had originally set out to write a sequel to The Hobbit as his second novel, before realizing that he would prefer to write something that focused more on the development of his mythology.

Sauron factsThe Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003), New Line Cinema

8. Evolution of the Species

The goblins found in The Hobbit were Tolkien's precursor to the Orcs.

The Hobbit goblinsMGM, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012)

9. Leaving an Impression

If you have seen the Lord of the Rings films but not read the book, you may have a very different impression of the villain Saruman. In the novel, a scene known as the “Scouring of the Shire” takes place toward the end, in which the Shire is found in a ruined and enslaved state thanks to the dark Saruman.

Saruman factsThe Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), New Line Cinema


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10. Public Appearance

 Gollum made a memorable live appearance at the 2003 MTV Movie Awards. At the awards, he made an unforgettable speech full of not-so-PG language.

The Lord Of The Rings: The Two Towers FactsThe Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers ‎New Line Cinema‎


11. What's in a Name?

When the hobbits return to the Shire and find it under Saruman's tyrannical rule in the end of Lord of the Rings, they discover that Saruman is now known by the name "Sharkey". While some might wonder why the character's alternate name would be so bizarre and so different from most of the other names found in Tolkien's writings, the name is actually said to be a "sign of affection" and derived from an Orkish word for "old man".

Gandalf factsLord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), New Line Cinema

12. Delusional Self-Image

The fact that Saruman considers the name Sharkey to be a sign of affection suggests that, despite being a tyrannical leader, he believes himself to be beloved and popular amongst his subjects. This false impression of the effects of one's actions can be taken as a powerful lesson about how absolute power corrupts absolutely.

Saruman factsThe Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002), New Line Cinema

13. Striking Similarities

Some fans have tried to interpret the reign and destruction of Saruman over the Shire as a metaphor for the condition that returning British army found London in after World W. II. As logical as this inference may seem, Tolkien himself has rejected the idea that this interpretation was his true intention.

J R R Tolkien.Getty Images

14. New Details

 Despite Sauron's distinct appearance in the films, that appearance was not present in the original books—Tolkien intended for Sauron to be vaguely described so that readers are mostly left to wonder about him.

J.R.R. Tolkien factsShutterstock

15. Unlikely Influence

Tolkien was a great admirer of the Jewish people, and at times stated that some of the characters of Middle Earth were based on aspects of them that inspired him. For example, he based the language and accent of the dwarves on Hebrew, with which he himself was familiar due to his background in philology.

Sauron factsThe Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), New Line Cinema

16. The Gollum of Prague

Given Tolkien's interest in the Jewish people and their impact on some of the ideas in his writings, some have raised the question of whether Gollum is somehow connected to the medieval Jewish folk-tale monster known as the Golem of Prague. The Golem is a zombie-like monster that was brought to life out of clay using mystical Hebrew letters. Unfortunately for some fans, the similarities seem to go no farther than the name.

Lord Of The Rings: Return Of The King factsThe Lord Of The Rings: The Return of the King (2003), New Line Cinema


17. Worst of the Worst

It can't get much worse than the worst guy in the story, right? Actually, wrong! There is one character in Middle Earth considered worse than Sauron—Morgoth, who is essentially Sauron's boss and mentor.

Sauron factsThe Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), New Line Cinema

 18. Tragic Flaw

 Sometimes one's greatest strengths can become one's fatal weaknesses if they are not put to proper use. This is what happened with the Witch-King of Angmar, who began as a powerful and capable army strategist, only to eventually let that talent corrupt him and be used for evil. 

Middle Earth FactsShutterstock

19. Celebrity Voice

 A 1977 cartoon version of The Hobbit saw the dragon Smaug voiced by Richard Boone, an actor famous for starring in the popular 1950s and 60s TV series Have Piece— Will Travel.

Middle Earth FactsWikimedia Commons

20. Familiar Feline?

Some might be familiar with a character named Tevildo, described as a cat Prince. It turns out that this character was actually an earlier draft of the villain who would become Sauron.

Books factsFlickr, dotun55

21. Hobbit of the Streets

The inspiration for Andy Serkis' performance as Gollum in The Lord of the Rings films was substance addicts, whom Serkis felt Gollum's obsessive desire for the ring was reminiscent of.

Science Fiction and Fantasy Movies FactsGetty Images

22. Gollum-mania

 The Beatles once attempted to have a film version of The Hobbit made starring themselves, and they tried to get legendary filmmaker Stanley Kubrick to direct, though it never came to fruition. It would have seen John Lennon take on the role of Gollum, while Paul McCartney was to be Frodo and George Harrison and Ringo Starr were to play Gandalf and Sam, respectively. I guess we can all "Imagine" how different our ideas of these characters would be if this had actually happened.

Paul McCartney factsGetty Images


23. Lawful Matters

 As crazy as this sounds, Gollum has actually gotten people in trouble in real life too. A Turkish man was taken to court for allegedly comparing a government official to Gollum, resulting in the forming of a panel of "Gollum experts" to determine whether this was an insult or a compliment.

Hollywood Villains FactsFlickr

24. Deeper Meaning

Most fans think that Sauron passed when the ring was destroyed, but the truth is much darker. In Tolkien's words in The Return of the King, the destruction of the ring caused Sauron to fall so low that "none can foresee his arising ever again. For he will lose the best part of his strength that was native to him in the beginning, and all that was made or begun with that power will crumble, and he will be maimed forever, becoming a mere spirit of malice that gnaws itself in the shadows, but cannot again grow or take shape".

Gandalf factsThe Lord Of The Rings: The Return of the King (2003), New Line Cinema

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

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